Immigration Rules

ABSTRACT
This paper seeks to provide a framework for the development of coherent policies, and monitoring and evaluation of their effects on migration processes. Analyze the situation of human rights of migrants, stressing the need to ratify international instruments and train staff to implement them, as well as analyzing its use, measurement, and impact on production potential and wellbeing.

The central message of this paper is the need to recognize that international migration and development rights, which means promoting comprehensive measures that promote the governance of international migration from Latin American and Caribbean perspective, contribute to further liberalize mobility, enhance positive externalities and protect the human rights of all migrants.

INTRODUCTION
Today, international migration is a recurring theme on the agenda of globalization and looms large in the concerns and activities of the United Nations, intergovernmental organizations and forums specific and regional development agencies, integration, trade, etc..

This paper seeks to provide a framework for the development of coherent policies, and monitoring and evaluation of their effects on migration processes. Analyze the situation of human rights of migrants, stressing the need to ratify international instruments and train staff to implement them, as well as analyzing its use, measurement, and impact on production potential and wellbeing.

The central message of this paper is the need to recognize that international migration and development rights, which means promoting comprehensive measures that promote the governance of international migration from Latin American and Caribbean perspective, contribute to further liberalize mobility, enhance positive externalities and protect the human rights of all migrants.

For the United Nations, the right of sovereign states to decide who can access their territory, without prejudice to the obligations of international treaties, should not preclude joint efforts to achieve that international migration contributes to the fulfillment of the Millennium Development Goals.

Governments can address the issues of migration and development in an integrated manner, instead of separately. The intention is negotiated decisions, and contribute to regional consultation processes. The focus will be managing regional migration flows, in order to encourage greater harmonization of migration policies at national and international level.

DEVELOPMENT

Definition of international migration
Migration is displacement of people that drive them away from their usual residence. This definition can encompass a wide range of demographic phenomena, may refer to peaceful or aggressive movements, voluntary or involuntary. Migration is the movement made by individuals in a population and that involves a change of location in their usual residence in a given time interval. This must be that the migrant crossing borders or boundaries of a geographical region. This definition should be aware of two key elements.

Changing residence:
To avoid ambiguity and to understand this concept, you must first define the meaning of habitual residence. By place of residence can be understood as the place where the individual has his home. However, there are some people difficult to classify, such as staying a long time away from their usual place of residence that may enable the study without coming into conflict with the theoretical foundations of the research.

Crossing borders or boundaries:
Changes housing within a community (country, province, city, town, village, etc..) Do not correspond to migration. For a movement is considered habitually resident migratory movement is required to cross the boundaries of this community. This requires the existence of clear boundaries between the different locations of the people. It also refers to different types of migration, depending on the type of limits are crossed, but we will focus only on international migration (cross the borders of a country).

The above concepts point out that there is no single definition of migration. Migration is a fact and likely repeated on at any time to the same person. Thus the same definition will depend, in much of the research interests.

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